Where Does Your Favorite Bean Come From? (Top 5 Coffee Producing Countries)

Article Written by Stephen Bell- Marketing-Development @coffeescreative

Follow us on Twitter! Like us on Facebook, and check us out at http://www.coffeeshopcreative.ca

Article Written by Stephen Bell- Marketing-Development @coffeescreative

Follow us on Twitter! Like us on Facebook, and check us out at http://www.coffeeshopcreative.ca

We all have our favorite java spots to sit and sip, code, meet with friends, escape from the outside world, and enjoy a fine cup coffee, but do we know where our favorite cafe’s beans originate from?  After tea and water, coffee is the most consumed beverage on earth.  These leading coffee nations each produce millions of kilograms of coffee beans that find their way into the hands of eager consumers every day. Coffee, is only second to oil, as the most traded product on earth today. Cocoa beans drive world economies and are found in so many products today, it would take this blog hours to list every such consumable, ingredient or applicable item caffeine and cocoa end up in.

Enough with the statistics, lets raise a glass to the almighty bean, and look at the top 5 coffee producers on earth today!

5. Ethiopia – 

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Ethopia produces a staggering volume of coffee beans each year, with 397,500,000 kilograms in 2014 being produced alone alone. Home to Arabica coffee this proud country has some of the most popular bean exporters worldwide. To place the importance of the java bean on a higher note, over half of Ethiopia’s foreign income is a result of coffee – and as many as 15 million citizens are employed by coffee based industry… that’s basically half of Canada. The Arabica bean has four sub categories, the Harar, Limu, Sidamo, and Yirgacheffe beans types. These beans are all trademarked varieties with the rights owned and protected by the government of Ethiopia.

 

4. Indonesia –

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One may not guess this, but Indonesia produced of 540,000,000 kilograms of coffee beans in 2014. This staggering number is often attributed to   quantity over quality method, as the climate is better suited for the production of lower-quality Robusta beans (less valued than the Arabica beans that come from nations like Brazil and Colombia). Coffee production was introduced to Dutch colonists and production continued long after to this day as the climate is ideal for bean production. Coffee plantations currently cover over 1 million hectares of Indonesia’s territory. Over 90% of the cropland today is being worked by small-scale producers which may have direct ties to your local indie coffee shop. Indonesia also holds the honor of one of the world’s most favorite, yet somewhat strange, type of bean. The Kopi Luwak, an expensive bean that has a unique production method. The palm civit, a cat like animal which lives in the jungles of South East Asia, eats the raw coffee berries, however the poor kitty cannot process the hard beans on the inside of the berry. The digestive juices of the civit partially break down the bean, after a quick visit to the jungle washroom,  workers collect the “deposits”, clean the remainder, and sell the product as Kopi Luwak beans. Because only 500kg of the “Cat Poop Coffee” is produced per year. The average price of cup of this style of coffee? 80 dollars… assuming you have the stomach for it.

 

3. Colombia –

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Ahhh, the mountain vistas, lush rain forest, drug cartels, and of course the famous coffee bean. Colombian coffee is famous worldwide, perhaps partially due to the well-known advertisements for the National Federation of Coffee Growers of Colombia which featured a character named Juan Valdez. With almost every major coffee distributor, cafe, and product wholesaler stocking Colombian java gold,  Colombia produced 750,000,000 kilograms of coffee beans in 2014. Much like its spicy national culture, Colombia creates a coffee bean with a distinct taste, and account for almost a quarter of the overall coffee produced on earth.

 

2. Vietnam –

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While many may not guess it as a leading player in java farming, Vietnam is the second largest coffee producing nation in the world – 1,650,000,000 kilograms in 2014 alone. Even throughout the Vietnam war, coffee remained a huge part of the Vietnamese economy, with the only greater export rice being rice. It helped a country find its footing after a decade of bloody conflict. So much so, in fact, that after the war, the leading form of employment became coffee picking and distribution. However, many western nations over look the popularity of the Vietnamese bean and tend to view as more exotic than its African or South American counterparts. Vietnamese coffee today, finds more of a home in Eastern Asian countries.

 

1. Brazil –

Brazilian Coffee Plantation
Forty percent of all coffee comes from Brazil. Here, coffee plantation workers pour sun-dried coffee beans into burlap sacks in Minas Gerais.

Well, for those playing along at home, if you guessed Brazil, you were correct. Brazil is the leading coffee bean producing nation in the world. In 2014, Brazil produced a staggering 2,720,520,000 kilograms of coffee beans?? 2.7 BILLION BEANS… This shouldn’t come as a surprise, as it has the title for the past century. Coffee plantations cover about 27,000 square kilometers of Brazil with the majority located in Minas Gerais, Sao Paulo, and Parana, three southeastern states where the climate and temperature are ideal for coffee production. Basically the population of Ontario, and all they do there is produce coffee. Brazil also distinguishes itself from other coffee producing nations in that Brazilians process coffee with the dry process (unwashed coffee), where the coffee cherries are dried in the sun rather than washed in a wet process. 50 percent odds are the java you are currently sipping originated in this mountainous country. Brazil owes much of its economy to coffee, and has created sustainable practices and growth to ensure it will remain the leading producer for the next 100 years.

 

 

 

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